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南京英語教授翻譯三字經 

發布時間: 2017-12-06  點擊:         打印本頁

  “對中國人而言,《三字經》是朗朗上口的啟蒙教材,但翻譯成英語卻很難同時兼顧押韻和中心思想。”孟凡君說,考慮到這個因素,他準備了兩個版本,分押韻版和不押韻版。最終,出版社選擇不押韻、意蘊更確切的版本。
  《三字經》曾被南京翻譯公司翻譯多次,迄今約有十幾個英語版本,孟凡君的版本有什么不同?孟凡君說,此前的一些版本,要么不重闡述圣賢之道,要么不適合外國人的語言習慣。
  孟凡君說,他也得到過一些反饋意見,大家普遍認為他的版本最大特色是通俗易懂,沒有語言上的拐外抹角。
  “這是幾年前的作品,現在看來,當時對圣賢之道的了解還不夠。如果現在再翻譯的話,我會全部重來。”孟凡君說,比如“人之初,性本善”里的“善”并不是good,因為在《周易》里“繼之者善也,成之者性也”,意思是人性自動走向圓滿,這是人的本性,追求好的、圓滿的。“把中國的圣賢之道自覺或不自覺地自然繼承下去,這就是善。”因此,孟凡君認為,這就沒法翻譯了,如果下次再翻,就只能做注釋。
  作為教師的他
  讀《紅樓夢》超過70遍
  孟凡君是西南大學外國語學院的英語老師,但在學校,他卻以講《紅樓夢》出名。他說,年輕時深受導師影響,關注中西古典文學,力求將中西古典文化完全貫通,所以對中西文化作品都很喜歡。
  從中學到現在,孟凡君熟讀《紅樓夢》已超過70遍。現在,他已經開始用毛筆抄寫其中的經典段落,甚至默寫一部分,“例如黛玉寫的《桃花詞》、大觀園里的《海棠詩》、《菊花詩》等。”
  “有時讀到《周易》《道德經》一些內容,腦海中會不自覺跳出《紅樓夢》里的情節。因為,《紅樓夢》本身融合以道儒佛為代表的中華傳統文化。”孟凡君說,《紅樓夢》幫助他將其他經典理解得更透徹。
  小趙是西南大學新聞傳媒學院研二學生。他說:“課堂上,英語翻譯孟老師運用了很多傳統文化里的知識,例如講到中醫診斷,他甚至會提前請教中醫。孟老師的課一般要提前2、3個小時才能搶座位,每周三講《周易》,周五講《紅樓夢》,寒暑假還免費為學生開課。”
  "On Chinese," Three Character Classic "is a catchy primer, but translated into English is very difficult to take into account the rhyme and the central idea." Meng Fanjun said, considering this factor, he prepared two versions, rhyme and non rhyming editions. In the end, the publishing house chooses a less rhyme and more precise version.
  "Three Character Classic" has been Nanjing translation company translation for many times so far, about a dozen English version, Meng Fanjun's version of what is different? Some of the previous versions, Meng Fanjun said, either do not emphasize the sages, or are not suitable for the language habits of foreigners.
  Meng Fanjun said he had also received some feedback, and it was generally believed that the biggest feature of his version was easy to understand and no language abduction.
  "This is the work of a few years ago, and now it seems that the understanding of the saints' way was not enough. If I translate it now, I'll come back all over again. " Meng Fanjun said, such as "Men at their birth, good in nature" in the "good" is not good, because in the "book of changes" in the "following the good, the person is also", meaning humanity automatically to fullness, this is human nature, the pursuit of a good and complete. "It is good to inherit naturally or unconsciously in the way of the sages of China." So, Meng Fanjun thinks, this is not translated, if the next turn, it can only be annotated.
  As a teacher
  Reading the dream of the Red Mansion more than 70 times
  Meng Fanjun is an English teacher at the school of foreign languages at Southwestern University, but at school, he is famous for his dream of Red Mansions. He said that when he was young, he was deeply influenced by his tutor, he paid close attention to Chinese and Western classical literature, and tried to fully integrate Chinese and Western classical culture, so he liked Chinese and Western cultural works very much.
  From the middle school to the present, Meng Fanjun read "a dream of Red Mansions" has been more than 70 times. Now, he has started to use the classic paragraph brush copying them, even write a part, such as the "peach blossom" Daiyu written word ", Grand Garden", "chrysanthemum Begonia poem" poem "etc.."
  "Sometimes reading" Zhou Yi "," Tao Te Jing "some content, the mind will not consciously jump out of the" dream of Red Mansions "in the plot. Because, "a dream of Red Mansions" itself to Buddhism as the representative of the fusion of Chinese traditional culture." Meng Fanjun said, "a dream of Red Mansions" helped him understand other classics more thoroughly.
  Xiao Zhao is the two student of the school of Journalism and media at Southwestern University. In class, he said, "in class, teacher Meng used a lot of knowledge in traditional culture, such as the diagnosis of traditional Chinese medicine. He even consulted traditional Chinese medicine in advance." Mr. Meng's class usually takes 2 or 3 hours in advance to grab seats. Every week on Wednesday, Zhouyi is talked about. On Friday, a dream of Red Mansions is introduced. Students in winter and summer vacation are also free.
  孟凡君翻譯的部分《三字經》
  人之初,
  性本善。
  性相近,
  習相遠。
  At the beginning of life ,
  Man is good-natured.
  Human nature is alike ,
  Habits make them different.
  養不教,
  父之過。
  教不嚴,
  師之惰。
  Rear children  without instructing them,
  And the father should be blamed.
  Teach in a slack and lazy way,
  And the taecher should be criticized.
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